509th Parachute Infantry - References


Mark C. Vlahos, Bill Kehler, Leading the Way to Victory. Simon & Schuster (simonandschuster.biz) 2022 - Note: book covers 60th Troop Carrier Group which includes details of their operations with the 509th PIR in North Africa on Americas first combat jump!

Raff, Edson D. We Jumped to Fight: The Story of US Paratroopers. New York: Eagle, 1944

Center of Military History Salerno 1944

Center of Military History From the Volturno to the Winter Line 1945

Center of Military History Anzio Beachhead 1947

Blumenson, Martin The Mediterranean Theater of Operations 1969

Jones, James World War II 1975

Breuer, William B. They Jumped at Midnight

Yarborough, William P. Bail Out over North Africa: America's First Combat Parachute Missions, 1942. Williamstown, NJ: Phillips, 1979. 180 p. #603-509.1973.

Breuer, William B. Captain Cool 1982

Yardley, Doyle R Home Was Never Like This. Yardley Enterprises, Aug, 2002, 312 p. ISBN:0971743908

Doyle, Charles H. Stand in the Door 1988

Devlin, Gerard S Paratrooper! St Martin's Press, (P) c1976 ISBN: 0312596529

Breuer, William B Geronimo! American Paratroopers in WWII. New York: St. Martin Press, 1989 621 p. ISBN: 0-312-03350-8

Inglesby, Leo C A Corporal Once Xlibris 2/2/2001, 108 p. ISBN: 0738838209

Breuer, William B., and Devlin, Gerard M. Bloody Clash at Sadzot: Hitler's Final Strike for Antwerp. St. Louis, MO: Zeus, 1981. 240 p. D756.5A7B73.

De Trez, Michel First Airborne Task Force: Pictorial History of the Allied Paratroopers in the Invasion of Southern France 7/98, D-Day Pub, 500 p. ISBN: 2960017625

Breuer, William B Operation Dragoon: The Allied Invasion of the South of France. Presidio Press, Sept 1987 261 p. ISBN: 0891413073

Phillips, James The Devil's Bodyguard 1986

MacDonald, Charles B A Time For Trumpets: The Untold Story of the Battle of the Bulge Wm Morrow and Co (P), 720 p. ISBN: 068151574

Breuer, William B Agony at Anzio

McCall, Edna Silver Wings and a Gold Star

Fisco, Richard D Your Lives Will Be Beautiful

O'Donnell, Patrick Beyond Valor

Gassend, Jean-Loup Operation Dragoon: Autopsy of a Battle: The Allied Liberation of the French Riviera August-September 1944

Argraves, Keith Kieth Argraves - Paratrooper

Gilberg, Gail Snake's Daughter: The Roads in and out of War

Broumley, Jim The Boldest Plan is the Best - The Combat History of the 509th Parachute Infantry Battalion during World War II

Aleck, Marianne The Liberty Club

Wright, Darron Iraq Full Circle: From Shock and Awe to the Last Combat Patrol in Baghdad and Beyond


Bennett, Lowell. Assignment to Nowwhere (The Battle for Tunisia). New York: Vanguard Press, 1953, pp. 48-53, 63-66, chapter 5

Blumenson, Martin. Salerno to Cassino. United States Army in World War II. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1969.

Carvey, James B. "Faid Pass" Infantry Journal, LV (September 1944), 8-13.

Historical Section, War Department. Anzio Beachhead. American Forces in Action Series. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1947.

Historical Section, War Department. From the Volturno to the Winter Line. American Forces in Action Series. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1944.

Historical Section, War Department. Salerno: American Operations from the Beaches to the Volturno. American Forces in Action Series. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1945.

Howe, George F. Northwest Africa: Seizing the Initiative in the West. United States Army in World War II. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1957.

Hutton, Bud. "Nice Kids, Our Daredevils," The New York Times Magazine (3 January 1943), 4.

Life, XV (18 January 1943), 30-31. (Photographs.)

Parachute Battalion. Baton Rouge: Army and Navy Publishing Company, 1942.

Sheehan, Fred. Anzio. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1964.

Wharton, Don. "Dan DeLeo: Paratrooper in Tunisia," Look, VII (9 July 1943), 42

Wharton, Don. "Paratroop Doctor Saves Lives in Desert Hell," Look, VII (13 July 1943), 52

Yarborough, William P. "House Party in Jerryland," The Infantry Journal, LV (July 1944), 8-15

Fisher, Ernest F. Jr. Cassino to the Alps. United States Army in World War II. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1977, 1989

Clarke, Jeffrey J. and Robert Ross Smith. Riviera to the Rhine. United States Army in World War II. Wahington: Government Printing Office, 1993.

Mahon, John K., Danysh, Romana. Infantry, Vol. 1: Regular Army. In the official ArmyLineage Series. Wash, DC: CMH, 1972. pp. 875-82. UA28M352.Ref. Unit lineage honors.

Sawicki, James A. Infantry Regiments of the US Army. Dumfries, VA: Wyvern, 1981. pp. 628-29. #603-1.1981.Ref. General history of unit.

U.S. Army. 509th Abn Inf Regt. Unit History 509th Infantry Regiment (Airborne). n.p., 1974? 3 p. #603-509.1974.

Stanton, Shelby L. Order of Battle, U.S. Army, World War II. Novato, CA: Presidio, 1984. p. 264. UA25.5S767.1984.Ref.

DOCUMENTS - Click on documents to open

The AAF in Northwest Africa - An account of the Twelfth Air Force in the Northwest African Landings and the Battle for Tunisia

The AAF in the Invasion of Southern France

Perry, Fred E. "The Operations of the 509th Parachute Battalion in the Battle for Salerno, Italy, 9-28 September 1943: (Personal Experience of the Pathfinder Commander." Ft Benning, GA: Inf Sch Paper, 1947. 35 p. #603-509.1947/2a.

Wilson, Lloyd G. "The Operations of the 509th Parachute Battalion (Separate Unit) in North Africa, 8 November 1942 - February 1943 (Algerian French Morocca - Tunisian Campaign): (Personal Experience of a Platoon Leader.)" Ft Benning, GA: Inf Sch Paper, 1947. 29 p. + maps. #603-509.1947a.


"Blazing the Trail on D-Day." Air Force (Aug 1944): p. 21. Per. Pathfinder opns.

Boston, Ronald G. "Doctrine by Default: The Historical Origins of Tactical Airlift." Air Univ Rev (May-Jun 1983): pp. 64-75. Per.

Dunn, Ray A. Transcript of interview, 14 Oct 1943. 11 p. D769.345D8. Troop carriers, MTO.

Polk, David. History of Army Airborne Troop Carriers of World War II. Paducah, KY: Turner, 1992. 120 p. D769.345P64.

U.S. Army Air Forces. "Field Order No 6 for Operation Choler II." Typescript, 23 Mar 1945. ca 25 p., charts. D769.345A512.

"Report on Pathfinder Drop and Resupply to 101st A/B Div, Bastogne Area, 22-27 Dec 1944." Typescript, 7 Jan 1945. 4 p. D769.345A521.

Supply by Air: France, Belgium, Holland. Vol I. n.p., 20 Nov 1944. ca 100 p. D769.345A11.

Tactical and Non-Tactical Operations during the Final Phase of the War in Europe, Including Operation "Varsity." n.p., Jun 1945. 132 p., D769.345A5.

IX Troop Carrier Command. "Report of Airborne Pathfinder Operation 'Nuts,'". 7 Jan 1945. 4 p. D769.345A521.

IX Troop Carrier Command. "Troop Carrier Operational Activities." Typescript photostat, 29 Nov 1944. 16 p. D769.345A51.

IX Troop Carrier Pathfinder Group. "Report of Resupply of American Troops in Bastogne Area." Typescript, 29 Dec 1944. 4 p. D769.345A52.

Wolfe, Martin. Green Light! Men of the 81st Troop Carrier Squadron Tell Their Story. Phila: U of PA, 1989. 498 p. UH10.25.81stTC.W64.

C.E. Dornbusch's Unit Histories of the United States Air Forces (Hampton Bay, NY: Hampton, 1958).

Maurer, Maurer, ed. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. NY: Watts, 1963. 506 p. RefColl.

Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II. Maxwell AFB, AL: USAF Hist Div, Air Univ, 1969. 841 p. RefColl.


Brown, W.D. Parachutes. London: Pitman, 1951. 322 p. TL750B7.

Lucas, John. The Big Umbrella. NY: Drake, 1973. 159 p. TL750L83.

"The Parachute." Frontispiece of Rakkasan: US Army 187th Airborne.... n.p., n.d. #603-187-1956. Nice overview.

Tugwell, Maurice. Airborne to Battle. London: Kimber, 1971. 367 p. UD480T84. See Chap 1.

Weeks, John. Airborne Equipment: A History of Its Development. NY: Hippocrene, 1976. pp. 10-41. UD480W37.


Brockett, Paul. Bibliography of Aeronautics. Wash, DC: Smithsonian, 1910. 940 p. Z5063B86.

Glassman, Don. Jump! Tale of the Caterpillar Club. NY: Simon Schuster, 1930. 321 p. TL752G5. Any life-saving parachute jump earned membership in this non-participatory "club." A few tales recounted, along with an undocumented history of the parachute, pp. 224-83.

Mironov, M.I., Vinogradov, S.M. "Parachuting: Theoretical and Practical Problems of Parachuting." Typed translation by Mil Intell Div, US War Dept, 1 Mar 1941. Orig pub Moscow, 1936. 189 p. U15A2C6335.

Rathbone, A.D. He's in the Paratroops Now. NY: McBride, 1943. 190 p. UD483R3. See Chap 13, "How the Parachute Grew Up."

"Service Parachutes." US Naval Inst Proceed (Aug 1931): pp. 1 119. Per.

Timmes, Charles J. "Development of the Parachute and Airborne Activities in the U.S.S.R." Draft typescript, n.d. 87 p. UH555.1P2T55.

Sweeting, C.G. Combat Flying Equipment: U.S. Army Aviators' Personal Equipment, 1917-45. Wash, DC: Smithsonian, 1989. 239 p. UC463S93. See Chap III.

US Army Air Service. Engr Div. Parachute Manual. McCook Field, Dayton, OH, 1920. 59 p. TL750P37.

Zim, Herbert S. Parachutes. NY: Harcourt, Brace, 1942. 252 p. TL750Z57.


Devlin, Gerard M. Paratrooper! NY: St Martin's, 1979. Chap 1. D769.345D48.

Ellis, John T. The Airborne Command and Center. Study No. 25. Hist Sec, Army Ground Forces, 1946. 142 p. D769.1A52no25. See pp. 10-11.

"New Type Parachute." Army Navy Jrnl (16 Jun 1945): p. 1266. Per. Describes "baseball" model that eliminated oscillation.

"Paper Parachute." Mil Rev (Apr 1944): p. 64. Per. US Navy development for dropping supplies.

Smith, J. Floyd. Parachutes - Development, Use, Maintenance. n.p., Apr 1942. 91 p. TL750865.

Sweeting, C.G. Combat Flying Equipment: U.S. Army Aviators' Personal Equipment, 1917-45. Wash, DC: Smithsonian, 1989. 239 p. UC463S93. See Chap III.

US Army Air Force. Emergency Uses of the Parachute. AAF Manual No. 60-1, Feb 1945. 24 p. TL750U51.

US Army Forces in the European Theater. General Board. Organization, Equipment and Tactical Employment of the Airborne Division. Study No. 16, Bad Nauheim, Ger, 1945-46. ca 150 p. D769A5no16.

US Marine Corps. Parachute Training Battalion. Parachute Instruction Manual Marine Parachute Troops. Camp Gillespie, San Diego, CA, 1943; reprinted privately 1982. 28 p. UH533.21C52.

US War Dept. Air Transport of Troops and Equipment. Technical Manual 71-210, Apr 1945. 263 p. TM.

Parachutes, Aircraft Fabrics, and Clothing. Technical Manual 1-440, Jan 1941. 119 p. With 2 changes, 10 p. TM. And Jun 1945 ed, Parachutes and Aircraft Clothing, 156 p.


Peifer, William H. Supply by Sky: The Quartermaster Airborne Development, 1950-53. Wash, DC: Hist Branch, Office of QMG, 1957. 626 p. UC34A2ser2nr2. See Chap 1 and pp. 282-304.

US Air Force. Air Proving Ground Command. Final Report on the Employment and Suitability Test of the C-123B for Personnel Paradrops. Mimeo, Eglin AFB, FL, 1956. 11 p. AF-APG-TAB-448-A-2.

US Army Field Forces. Board No. 1. "Cold Weather Operation of the Modified T-7 Reserve Parachute." Report, Fort Bragg, NC 20 May 1948. 11 p., 3 photos. AFF-B1-ProjAB148.

"Comparative Tests of Static Line Snap Assemblies Types 3 and 6." Report, Ft Bragg, NC, 11 May 1948. 40 p., 15 photos. UD373C652.

"Improved T-7 Pack Tray." Report, Ft Bragg, NC, 11 May 1948. 23 p., 7 photos. UD373C65.

US Army Ground Forces. Board No. 1. "Report of Study of 1946-47 Winter Test of T-7 Parachutes by Task Force Frigid." Ft Bragg, NC, 16 Oct 1947. ca 20 p., 1 photo. AFF-B1-ProjABWT4647-2.

US War Dept. Technical Training of Parachutists. Technical Manual 57-220, Jun 1956. 118 p. TM.



Buffkin, Ronald M. "Assault Gliders: A World War II Phenomenon." Mil Rev (Jul 1942): pp. 80-82. Per.

Chatteton, George. The Wings of Pegasus. Nashville, TN: Battery, 1982. 282 p. D760G45C53. British glider regiment.

Conley, Manuel. "Silent Squadrons." Amer Hist Illus (Jun 1983): pp. 12-21. Per. Nice overview.

Dank, Milton. The Glider Gang: An Eyewitness History of World War II Glider Combat. Phila: Lippincott, 1977. 273 p. D78D3.

Devlin, Gerard M. Paratrooper!: The Saga of U.S. Army and Marine Parachute and Glider Troops During World War II. NY: St. Martin's, 1979. 717 p. D769.345D48.

Silent Wings: The Saga of the U.S. Army and Marine Parachute and Glider Troops During World War II. NY: St. Martin's, 1985. 171
p. D790D39.

"Gliders Away." Ordnance (May-Jun 1944): pp. 521-28. Per(NatDef). US program & models.

Grim, J. Norman. "Army Glider Construction During World War II." AAHS Jrnl (Wtr 1989): pp. 298-306. Per.

Mrazek, James E. Fighting Fliers of World War II. London: Hale, 1977 207 p. ULT552.5M7.

The Glider War. London: Hale, 1975 364 p. D785M7.

Nevins, Arthur S. Papers. Arch . A plans officer in AFHQ, SHAEF.

Perna, Albert F. The Glider Gladiators (of World War II): A Historical Novel. Freeman, SD: Pine Hill, 1970. 383 p. PZ4P453GI.

Streukens, Geo L. Papers. Arch. Served in 193d Glider Inf Rgt.

"Tetrarch and Hamilcar." Mil Rev (Feb 1945): pp. 79-80. Per. British airborne tank (Tetrarch) carried by special glider (Hamilcar).

U.S. War Dept. Advanced Glider Training. Technical Manual (Tentative) 1-815, Apr 1943. 24 p. TM.

Wolfe, Martin. Green Light! Men of the 81st Troop Carrier Squadron Tell Their Story. Phila: U of PA, 1989. 498 p. UH10.25.81stTC.W64. See esp Chaps 9 & 17.

Army Navy Register (20 Jun 1942): p. 2. Per. And 6 Apr 1946, p. 2.

"Glider Snatching." Aeroplane (15 Jun 1945): pp. 686-87. Per.

Masters, John. The Road Past Mandalay: A Personal Narrative. NY: Harper, 1961. pp. 178-79. D811M36. His experience re snatch behind enemy lines in Burma.



U.S. Army. Corps of Engineers. Engineer Research and Development Laboratories. Personnel Decoy, Airborne Diversionary Equipment, Code Name, "Oscar." Fort Belvoir, VA., 28 October 1955. 91 p. U167.5D37W34.

Engineer Research & Development Laboratory. Camouflage in Future Warfare. n.d. pp. 26-27. UG449A43.

U.S. War Dept. Opns Div Info Bulletin, 1944-45. U74O65. See Vol III, No. 8, pp. 7-8, on dummies used in Seventh Army's So. France landings, Aug 1944.

Cruickshank, Charles. Deception in World War II. London: Oxford U, 1979. D74477. See index.

Ryan, Cornelius. The Longest Day. Greenwich, CT: Fawcett, 1960. p. 147. D756.5N6R9.

KochColl, MiscFiles (Airborne) Photocopies of misc docs submitted by R.W. Koch.

Morison, Samuel E. History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. Vol VIII: New Guinea and the Marianas. Boston: Little, Brown, 1953. p. 66. D773M6v8.

Smith, Robert R. The Approach to the Philippines. In USA WWII series. Wash, DC: OCMH, 1953. pp. 48-49. D769A533v2pt3.

Supreme Commander. Allied Powers. Reports of General MacArthur. Vol I. Tokyo, Far East Command, 1950; reprinted 1966 by GPO. pp. 144-45. D735S8v1.

U.S. Far East Command. GHQ. Mil Intell Sec. A Brief History of the G-2 Section, GHQ, SWPA and Affiliated Units. Tokyo, 1948. p. 27. D810S7I589. Deception plan outlined on pp. 25-29.



Andrews, John. Airborne Album, 1943-45: Normandy to Victory. Williamstown, NJ: Phillips, 1992? 125 p. D769.345A532. Lavish photo illus.

Breuer, William B. Geronimo! American Paratroopers in World War II. NY: St Martin's, 1989. 621 p. D769.347B74. Based on numerous personal & telephone interviews; anecdotal.

Cole, Merle T. "The Paramarines: Organization and Training of USMC Parachute Troops, 1940-44." AAHS Jrnl (Wtr 1989): pp. 242-49. Per.

Crookenden, Napier. Airborne at War. NY: Scribner's, 1978. 144 p. D785C76.

Devlin, Gerard M. Paratrooper! NY: St. Martin's, 1979. 717 p. D769.345D48.

Ellis, John T., Jr. "The Airborne Command and Center." Army Ground Forces Study No 25, 1946. 147 p. D769.1A52no25.

Flanagan, E.M., Jr. "The Airborne: 50 and Still Counting." Army (Nov 1990): pp. 42-45 & 48-52. Per.

Galvin, John R. Air Assault: The Development of Airmobile Warfare. NY: Hawthorn, 1969. 365 p. UD480G3. See Chaps 1-28.

Gavin, James. Airborne Warfare. Wash, DC: Inf Jrnl, 1947. 186 p. D769.345G3.

Hoyt, Edwin P. Airborne: The History of American Parachute Forces. NY: Stein & Day, 1979. 228 p. UD483H69.

Huston, James A. Out of the Blue: U.S. Army Airborne Operations in World War II. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue U, 1972. 327 p. D769.345H87.

"Thoughts on the American Airborne Effort in World War II." 2 parts. Mil Rev (Apr 1951): pp. 3-14 & (May 1951): pp. 18-30. Per.

Kingseed, Cole C. "WWII's Airborne Commanders ? The Stuff of Instant Legend". Army (Jul 1996): pp. 31-32, 34, 36-37. Per.

Laughlin, Cameron P. US Airborne Forces of World War Two. Poole, Dorset, Eng: Arms & Armour, 1987. 72 p. UC283L325.

Murray, Charles W. "Airborne Bibliography...." Cincinnati, OH, Oct 1953. 10 p. UD480Z9M8.

The Prop Blast. Pamphlet, n.d. (1945?) 8 p. MiscFiles (Airborne). Contains origins of prop blast ceremony (1940), recipe for drink, and assorted airborne songs, incl "Blood Upon the Risers."

Tugwell, Maurice. Airborne to Battle: A History of Airborne Warfare, 1918-71. London: Kimber, 1971. 367 p. UD480T84. See Chaps 2-12.

U.S. Air Force. Historical Division. USAF Airborne Operations: World War II and Korean War. Wash, DC, Mar 1962. 119 p. D8760.345A53. Airlift aspects.

U.S. Weapons Systems Evaluation Group. A Historical Study of Some World War II Airborne Operations. Study No 3, 1951. 167 p. D769.345H97.



Basset, James A. "'Airphibious' Warfare." MA thesis, Georgetown U, 1948. 115 p. UD480B3. Doctrinal analysis.

Gavin, James. Airborne Warfare. Wash, DC: Inf Jrnl, 1947. 186 p. D769.345G3. Commentary on opns with final chap on doctrinal conclusions, suggestions, & predictions.

Huston, James A. Out of the Blue. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue U, 1972. 327 p. D769.345H87. Scholarly examination of doctrine and experience.

Lee, William C. "Air Infantry." Inf Jrnl (Jan 1941): pp. 14-21. Per. By CG, 101st Abn Div, 1942-44.

Manguso, John M. "The 2d Infantry Division ('Air-borne'). Infantry (Sep-Oct 1992): pp. 22-25. Per. Notes the 1940-41 testing of airborne concepts by the div.

Swing, Joseph May. "Overseas Reports on Airborne Operations." Photostat of typescript. Camp Mackall, NC, 4 Oct 1943. 11 p. D763S5U5.

U.S. Army Forces, Eur Theater. General Board Study 16, cited below.

U.S. Army Ground Forces. Observer Board, MTO Operations. "Parachute Troops." Reports and endorsement, Oct 1944. 7 p. In Reports of Observers MTO, Vol IV. D766.82U5.

U.S. War Dept. Field Service Regulations: Operations. Field Manual 100-5, Jun 1944. Chap 14. FM.

Instructional Pamphlet for Airborne Operations. Wash, DC, 2 Jul 1942. 288 p. UD483A6.

Staff Officers' Field Manual: Organization, Technical and Logistical Data. 101-10, Oct 1943. ca 250 p. FM. See index and eds of Jun 1941; and Dec 1944.

Tactics and Technique of Air-Borne Troops. Field Manual 31-30. May 1942. 140 p. FM.


Davis, Brian L. U.S. Airborne Forces Europe 1942-45. NY: Arco, 1974. 33 p. UC483D38. Uniform illus.

Devlin, Gerard M. Paratrooper! NY: St. Martin's, 1979. pp. 664-65. D769.345D48. Photo & list of indiv equipment.

Ellis, John T., Jr. The Airborne Command and Center. Army Ground Forces Study No 25, 1946. 147 p. D769.1A52no25.

Howard, Gary. America's Finest: U.S. Airborne Uniforms, Equipment and Insignia of WWII (ETO). Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole, 1994. 175 p. UC483H68.

Pitkin, Thomas M. Quartermaster Equipment for Special Forces. QMC Hist Studies No 5. Wash, DC: Office, QMG, 1944. 326 p. UC34A2nr.5. See pp. 242-62.

Rathbone, Alfred D., IV. He's in the Paratroops Now. NY: McBride, 1943. 190 p. UD483R3. Describes training & deployment, with some hist info and anecdotes, plus photos.

U.S. Army. Forces in the European Theater. General Board. Organization Equipment and Tactical Employment of the Airborne Division. Study No 16, Bad Nauheim, Ger, 1945-46. ca 150 p. D769A5no16.

The Parachute School. Academic Dept. "Establishment and Operation of a Parachute School in a Theater of Operations." Fort Benning, GA, Mar 1943. ca 150 p. UD483A2.

Wpns Systems Eval Group. "A Historical Study of Some WWII Airborne Opns." Staff Study, Feb 1951. 170 p. D769.345H97.

U.S. War Dept. Airborne Division. Table of Org and Equip 71, Aug 1944. 4 p. TOE.

Infantry Regiment, Parachute. TO&E 7-31, Aug 1944. 8 p. TOE.

Infantry Rifle Company, Parachute. TO&E 7-37, Aug 1944. 8 p. TOE.

Troop Info & Ed Div. "Prediction of Success and Failure of Paratroopers Based on background and Training Data." Wash, 18 Oct 1945. 14 p. DU483A65. Based on training classes, Mar-Jun 1945.

Weeks, John. Airborne Equipment: A History of Its Development. NY: Hippocrene, 1976. 192 p. UD480W37. Illus & photos.


Allied Forces. HQ(London). Partial planning file for first US use of parachute troops during Opn Torch. Typescript msgs, charts, notes. ca 50 p. D766.82F57.

Breuer, William B. Captain Cool! Paratrooper Legend: Doc Alden's Amazing War Exploits. St. Louis: Zeus, 1982. 371 p. E745A4B78. Based on diary of the 509th Para Bn surgeon.

Dunn, Ray A. Typescript interview, 14 Oct 1943. 11 p. D769.345D8. Troop carrier activities.

Gavin, James M. "Airborne Plans and Operations in the Mediterranean Theater." Inf Jrnl (Aug 1946): pp. 22-29. Per.

"Paratroops Over Sicily." Inf Jrnl (Nov 1945): pp. 25-33. Per. Photos, maps & details of 505th Para Combat Team Opns.

Hollis, Harris W. The Operations of the First Airborne Task Force in the Invasion of Southern France 15-20 August 1944. Monograph, US Army Infantry School, mimeographed by Ground General School, Oct 1949. 31 p., 9 foldout maps. . Personal experience of G-2 staffer.

U.S. Army Air Forces. Asst C/S, Intell. The AAF in the Invasion of Southern France: An Interim Report. Wings at War Series, No 1, 1945. 60 p. D790A33no1. See pp. 23-41.

Warren, John C. Airborne Missions in the Mediterranean, 1942-45. Maxwell AFB, AL: USAF Air U, 1955. 137 p. AF-AU-HD-HS-74.

Yarborough, William P. Bail Out Over North Africa; America's First Combat Parachute Missions, 1942. Williamstown, NJ: Phillips 1979. 180 p. #603-509-1979. 509th Para Inf.

"US Airborne Operations in North Africa 1942." Typescript, n.d. 84 p. D766.82Y3.


Allied Forces. First Airborne Army. "Operation Jubilant." Misc papers collected by C/S, Apr 1945. ca 50 p., foldouts. D805G3O63.
Plan to protect POW camps in case of enemy reprisals / massacre of internees.

"Operation Jubilant." Opn instruction, 10 Apr 1945. 15 p. D805G3O632. Contingency plan for protecting Allied POWs.

"Operation Linnet." Misc papers collected by Chief of Staff, Aug - Sep 1944. ca 100 p., foldouts. in two files. D785O633/37.

Blair, Clay. Ridgway's Paratroopers: The American Airborne in World War II. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1985. 588 p. D769.345B63.

Bressler, Dean M. "Airborne '44." Assembly (Mar 1995): pp. 21-26 & 38. Per. Memoir of 2d Lt in 17th Abn Div.

Cain, Marvin R. "The Military Memoir as Critical History: The Case of James M. Gavin." Mil Affairs 44 (Dec 1980): pp. 177-80. Per.
Analytical review of Gavin's 1978 On to Berlin.

Frederick-Hicks, Anne. "'Rugby Force': Fist in War's Uppercut." Army (Apr 1986): pp. 72-75, 78-79 & 82. Per. On First Allied Abn Army.

Gabel, Kurt. The Making of a Paratrooper: Airborne Training and Combat in World War II. Lawrence: U of Kansas, 1990. 280 p. D769.347G34. Memoir of Ger-born Paratrooper in US 513th Para Inf Rgt, 1943-45.

Gaither, Ridgley, & Forster, Greg. "Biggest Wartime Airdrop." Mil Hist (Apr 1994): pp. 38-44. Per. Interview w/Gaither, cmdt of USA Parachute School, who jumped in Opn Varsity.

Oldfield, Barney. "Operation Eclipse' Army (Feb 1966): pp. 40-43. Per. Planned airborne assault on Berlin.

Quarrie, cited below, Chaps 3-5.

Taylor, Maxwell D. Swords and Plowshares. NY: Norton, 1972. 434 p. E840.5T3A3. Chaps 4-7 concern his cmd of 101st Abn Div.

U.S. Army. European Theater of Opns. Assault Trng Ctr. "Conference on Landing Assaults, 24 May - 23 Jun 1943." Mimeo bound, 2 vols, 1943. D756.3C66.

U.S. Army Air Forces. IX Troop Carrier Cmd. "Tactical Air Plan for Opn Neptune." Annex to Ninth AF Tac Air Plan, 5 May 1944. 65 p., foldouts. D756.5N6N56.

Warren, John C. Airborne Operations in World War II, European Theater. Maxwell AFB, AL: Air Univ 1956. 239 p. D790W347.


Browne, Laurence S. "Airborne Operation on Corregidor." Student Paper, US Army Armored School, 10 Apr 1948. 30 p., map. U423.5R32.1947-8.B77. Reminiscence & part history of 1st Bn, 503d Para Inf Bn.

Foss, Peter J. "Angels' at Los Banos." Infantry 55 (May-Jun 1965): pp. 52-55. Per.

"Invasion of Noemfoor." Air Force 27 (Oct 1944): pp. 14-15. Per.

Kelly, Peter E. Papers. 2 bxs. Arch. Scrapbooks & off docs cover 1940-67, incl service with 508th Para Inf, 11th Abn Div, WWII.

Marye, Robert. "Airborne AAA in New Guinea." Coast Arty 89 (JanFeb 1946): pp. 48-54. Per.

Quarrie, Bruce. Airborne Assault: Parachute Forces in Action, 1940-91. England: Stephens, 1991. 216 p. UD480Q83. See Chap 6.



Of the ten possible airborne divisions, we have historical data cards on the 11th, 13th, 15th and 17th Airborne Divisions, prepared by The Adjutant General's Office (TAGO Set No 3, Reel #1, Microfilm). My search failed to uncover similar cards on the 6th, 9th,
18th, 19th, 21st, 80th, and 108th Airborne Divisions. Those units, apparently, were not activated as airborne divisions. The
80th Infantry Division, for example, activated during World War II was redesignated airborne in 1946, while in inactive status. The 108th Airborne Division was constituted and activated that same year. Reference:

U.S. Department of the Army. Strength in Reserves. DA Pamphlet 140-3, Apr 1968. pp. 82 & 99. Pam.

Incidentally, only 5 airborne divisions were actually activated during the war, although activation of 7 such divisions had been considered a possibility in 1943:

Greenfield, Kent R., et al. The Organization of Ground Combat Troops. In the series United States Army in World War II. Wash, DC: Hist Div, Dept of the Army, 1947. pp. 161 & 77. D769A533.


HQ & HQ CO, 2d Abn Brigade, was activated Jul 1943 at Camp Mackall. On 14 Jan 1944, with George P. Howell in command, it was attached to the 82d Airborne Division, serving as an intermediary headquarters element between the division and two attached parachute infantry regiments - the 507th and 508th. The brigade fought at Normandy and apparently received no other campaign participation credit.

The 82d Div departed France on 19 Jul and did not re-enter the combat zone until 17 Sep, when it dropped into Holland as part of MARKET GARDEN. No references to the 2d Brigade in that operation were found, but it has official credit for participating in two campaigns: Normandy and Rhineland (15 Sep - 21 Mar 1945). Records in the Org Hist Branch, Ctr of Mil Hist, reveal the 2d Brigade formally disbanded 15 Jan 1945. See:

Cullum, George W. Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U.S. Military Academy.... West Point, NY: Assoc Graduates, 1930-50. Ref. See Vol VII, p. 1778; Vol VIII, p. 547; and Vol IX, p. 415.

Harrison, Gordon A. Cross-Channel Attack. In USAWWII series. Wash, DC: OCMH, 1951. p. 402. D769A533v3pt2.

Linquist, Roy E. Papers. Arch. He commanded 508th.

MacDonald, Charles B. The Siegfriend Line Campaign. In USAWWII series. Wash, DC: OCMH, 1963. D769A533v3pt6.

U.S. Dept of the Army. Unit Citation and Campaign Participation Credit Register. Pamphlet 672-1, Jul 1961. Ref.



Formed in 1943, the battalion served stateside during the war and its duties included jumps to dismantle Japanese balloon bombs in Oregon.

Biggs, Bradley. The Triple Nickles [sic]: America's First All-Black Paratroop Unit. Hamden, CT: Archon; 1986. 92 p. #603-555 1986.

Devlin, Gerard. Paratrooper!. NY: St Martins, 1979. pp. 196 & 199. D769.345D48.

Jordan, James F. "The Triple Nickels: A Genesis for Change." Student paper, AWC, Mar 1990. 28 p. Arch.

Lee, Ulysses. The Employment of Negro Troops. In series USAWWarII. Wash, DC: OCMH, 1966. pp. 160-61. D769A533v9pt8.

Motley, Mary P. The Invisible Soldier. Detroit: Wayne State U, 1975. pp. 62 & 88. D810N4I58.



"Allied Airborne Operations in Holland, September-October 1944." Mimeo, 1944. 138 p. D763N4A44.1944.

Allied Forces. 1st Airborne Army. "Airborne Operations in Holland, September-November 1944." Mimeo, 68 p. D763N4A44.1944b.

"Headquarters First Allied Airborne Army Commanded by Lt. General Lewis H. Brereton." Mimeo, 1945. 54 p. #025-1ABN.1945/2a.

"History and Report of Operations, 8 May--31 December 1945." 3 pts. Mimeo, 9th Inf & Hist Svce & Hist Div, USHQ, Berlin District, 1946. #025-1ABN.1946.

"History of Headquarters First Allied Airborne Army 2 August 1944--20 Ma 1945." Mimeo, 9th Inf & Hist Svce. ca 100 p. #025-1ABN.1945.

"Special Report of Operations in Support of First Allied Airborne Army, 17-26 September 1944." Mimeo, 1944. 44 p. D790S63.1944.



Blair, Clay and Joan - authors' notes on Ridgway's Paratroopers.
Brewer, William - author's notes on various abn units
Eaton, Ralph - 52d Abn Div
Infantry - 517th Parachute RCT
Kinnard, H. W. O. - Oral history transcript
Lindquist, Roy - CO, 508th Para Inf
Miley, William - CG, 17th Abn Div
Moseley, George Van Horn, Jr. - CO, 502d Para Inf
Parks, Floyd L. - CG, First Allied Abn Army
Ridgway, Matthew B. - CG, 101st Abn Div
Swing, Joseph - Oral history transcript, 11th Abn Div
Taylor, Maxwell - CG, 82 Abn Div
Whitelaw, John - 17th Abn Div
Yarborough, William P. -
Zais, Melvin -



Ambrose, Stephen E. Pegasus Bridge, June 6, 1944. NY: Simon & Schuster, 1985. 197 p. D756.5N6A42.

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Golden, Lewis. Echoes from Arnhem. London: Kimber, 1984. 197 p. D759.6G65. Participant focuses on signal aspect.

Goldstraw, Laurie. "The Paratrooper and His Dog." After the Battle (No 74, 1991): pp. 28-33. Per. Yes, parachuting dogs of the British, WWII.

Great Britain. Air Ministry. Airborne Forces. Air Publication 3231, 1951. 295 p. D759.6A37.

Ministry of Information. By Air to Battle: The Official Account of the British First and Sixth Airborne Divisions. London: HMSO, 1945. 144 p. D759.62.1stG74.

Kent, Ron. First In! Parachute Pathfinder Company. London: Batsford, 1979. 181 p. D759.63K46. 21st Indep Para Co, 1942-46.

Margry, Karel. "Tragino 1941: Britain's First Paratroop Raid." After the Battle (No 81, 1993): pp. 8-29. Per.

Norton, G.G. The Red Devils: The Story of the British Airborne Forces. Harrisburg: Stackpole, 1974. 260 p. UD485G7N7.

Packe, Michael. First Airborne. London: Secker & Warburg, 1948. 252 p. D759.62.1st.P3.

Ramsey, Robert D., III. "Seizing and Holding the German Bridges at Arnhem, Sep 1944." Combined Arms.... Ft Leavenworth: CGSC, 1992. pp. 1-10. U260C66.



Armstrong, Richard. "The Bukrin Drop: Limits to Creativity." Mil Affairs (Jul 1986): pp. 127-32. Per. Sep 1943.

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"Development of the Parachute and Airborne Activities in the U.S.S.R." Draft report w/translated interviews and articles, Compiled by Assist Chief of Staff, G-2, US Army, 1952. ca 150 p. UH555.1P2T55.

Dontsov, I., and Livotov, P. "Soviet Airborne Tactics." Mil Rev (Oct 1964): pp. 29-33. Per.

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Germany. Army. General Staff. "Die Luftlandetruppen der Roten Armee." Photostat of typescript, 23 Mar 1942. 789 p. UD485R8G4.

Glantz, David M. "The Ghosts of Demiansk: In Memory of the Soldiers of the 1st Airborne Corps." Jrnl of Mil Hist (Oct 1992): pp. 617-50. Per (MilAff). Mar-Apr 1942, Northern Front.

The Soviet Airborne Experience. Fort Leavenworth, KS: USAC&GSC, 1985. 211 p., foldout maps. UD485S65G53.

Rudakov. "Thirty Years of Soviet Airborne Forces." Mil Rev 41 (Jun 1961): pp. 42-44. Per. Condensed Soviet article.

Turbiville, Graham H., Jr. "Paradrop at the Bukrin Bridgehead: An Account of the Soviet Dnieper Airborne Operation." Mil Rev (Dec 1976): pp. 26-40. Per.

"Soviet Airborne Forces: Increasingly Powerful Factor in the Equation." Army (Apr 1976): pp. 18-22, 24, & 26-27. Per.

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U.S. War Dept. Mil Intell Div. "'Geronimo' and the Red Army." Intell Bull (May 1946): pp. 41-50. Per.



Bashore, Boyd T. "Sword of Silk." 2 pts. Inf Sch Qtrly 46-47 (Oct 1956): pp. 56-69, and (Jan 1957). Per. Based on taped interviews with Gen Student.

Bohmler, Rudolf. Fallschirmjager: Bildgand und Chronil. Bad Nauheim, Ger: Hans-Henning Podzun, 1961. 497 p. WoodColl 13-41.

Davis, Brian L. German Parachute Forces 1935-45. NY: Arco, 1974. 32 p. UC485G3D315.

Der Deutsche Fallschirmjager, 1951-68. Per.

Edwards, Roger. German Airborne Troops, 1938-45. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1974. 160 p. D757.6E38.

Flanagan, E.M., Jr. "The German Airborne Invasion of Crete." Army (Mar 1990): pp. 49-52 & 54. Per.

Geride, Walter. Soldaten fallen vom Himmel. Berlin: Schutzen-Verlag, 1940. 120 p. WoodColl 29-1364.

Great Britain. Combined Services Detailed Interrogation Center. "History of the German Airborne Forces." Typescript, 24 Sep 1945. 31 p. D757.6H57.

Harmeling, Henry, Jr. "Armor Versus Paratroopers." Cmbt Forces Jrnl 4 (Feb 1954): pp. 21-24. Per. (Army) Crete.

"An Historical Example: A Successful Defense Against an Air-Borne Invasion." Field Arty Jrnl 31 (Jul 1941): pp. 451-56. Per. Dutch defense at Valkenburg, near the Hague, 10 May 1940.

Kirkpatrick, Charles E. "Simple Deception's Payoff." World War II (Jul 1991): pp. 42-48. Per. Abn assault on Eben Emael.

Kuhn, Volkmar. German Paratroops in World War II. NY: Hippocrene, 1978. 240 p. D757.63K813.

Lhoest, Jean-Louis. Les Paras Allemands au Canl Albert, Mai 1940. Paris: Presses de la Cite, 1964. 333 p. WoodColl 13-427.

Lucas, James. Storming Eagles: German Airborne Forces in World War Two. London: Arms & Armour, 1988. 191 p. UD485G3L86.

Munoz, Antonio J. Forgotten Legions: Obscure Combat Formations of the Waffen-SS. Boulder, CO: Paladin, 1991. 405 p. D757.85M86.

Parker, Danny S. "Ten Percent Chance of Victory." WWII (Jul 1992): pp. 47-52 & 62. Per. Germ's last abn opn, Dec 44.

Poppel, Martin. Heaven and Hell: The War Diary of a German Paratrooper. NY: Hippocrene, 1988. 256 p. D811P67513. Covers 1938-45.

Ramcke, H.B. Fallschirmjager; Damals und Danach. Frankfurt-am-Main, Ger: Lorch-Verlag, 1951. 273 p. D811R3.

Reinhardt, Hellmuth. "Encirclement at Yuknov." Mil Rev (May 1963): pp. 61-75. Per.

Schmidt, C.T. "The Airborne Conquest of Crete." Mil Rev (Mar 1949): pp. 14-23. Per.

Skorzeny, Otto. Lebe Gefahrlich. Siegbut: Cramer, 1962. 269 p. WoodColl 40-1629.

Stahl, Peter. Fallschirmjager, 1936-45. Santa Clara, CA: AAA, n.d. 53 p. UD485G3S7. Illus of uniforms and equip.

U.S. Dept of Army. Airborne Operations: A German Appraisal. Pamphlet No 20-23, Oct 1951. 56 p. Pam.

U.S. War Dept. Mil Intell Service. Enemy Air-Borne Forces. Special Series No 7, 2 Dec 1942. 104 p. UD480U6.

Windrow, Martin. Luftwaffe Airborne and Field Units. NY: Hippocrene, 1972. 40 p. UH503W5.



Merglen, Albert. "Japanese Airborne Operations in World War II." Mil Rev (Jul 1960): pp. 45-51. Per.

U.S. Army. Southwest Pacific Area. Allied Translator an Interpreter Section. Reports, 1942-46, on microfiche in Wartime Translations of Seized Japanese Documents. Bethesda, MD: Congressional Information Service, 1988. 2212 cards. D735W3713, Micro. See pub index, "paratroop" heading.

U.S. War Dept. Mil Intell Div. Japanese Parachute Troops. Special Series No 32, Jul 1942. 61 p. UD485J3U5.



Gerlach, Roman T. "Polish 1st Parachute Brigade 'Twixt Warsaw and Arnhem." Aerospace Hist (Sum 1983): pp. 118-27. Per.

Sosabowski, Stanislaw. Parachute General. London: Kimber, 1960. 159 p. Memoirs by cmdr of Polish brigade, Opn Market-Garden.



Beaumont, Robert A. "Airborne: Life Cycle of a Military Subculture." Mil Rev (Jun 1971): pp. 52-61. Per.

Case, Frank B. "Airborne: The Tired Revolution." Mil Rev (Aug 1965): pp. 86-94. Per.

Coutts, J.W. Papers. Arch. Served on DA Staff, early 1950s; see his report on future of abn forces.

Dupuy, Trevor N., ed-in-chief. International Military and Defense Encyclopedia. 6 vols. Wash, DC: Brassey's, 1993. 3,000 p. U24I58, RefColl. Incls hist background examples on most subjects. See pp. 42-45.

Hickey, Michael. Out of the Sky: A History of Airborne Warfare. NY: Scribners, 1979. 286 p. UD480H52.

Hill, Adrian. "Whither Pegasus?" Jrnl Royal United Serv Inst (Dec 1981): pp. 26-33. Per.

Hoyt, Edwin P. Airborne: The History of American Parachute Forces. NY: Stein & Day, 1979. 228 p. UD483H69.

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Peifer, William H. Supply by Sky: The Quartermaster Airborne Development, 1950-53. QMC Hist Studies, Series II, No 2, 1957. 625 p. UC34A2ser2nr2.

Quarrie, Bruce. Airborne Assault: Parachute Forces in Action, 1940-91. England: Stephens, 1991. 216 p. UD480Q83. See Chap 7.

Seibert, Donald A. Memoir and other material. Arch. Served in various abn units, 1950s-60s; also senior officer of abn test group,
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U.S. Air Force. Hist Div. Liaison Office. "USAF Airborne Operations, World War II and Korean War." Study, Mar 1962. 119 p. D769.345A53. See pp. 94-110 and notes on pp. 117-18 re Korean War.

U.S. Joint Airborne Troop Board. Various studies & rpts, 1950-54. UD483D62?-.

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Halberstadt, Hans. Airborne: Assault from the Sky. Novato, CA: Presidio, 1988. 134 p. UD483H35.

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Quarrie, Bruce. Airborne Assault: Parachute Forces in Action, 1940-91. Eng: Stephens, 1991. 216 p. UD480Q83.

Tugwell, Maurice. Airborne to Battle: A History of Airborne Warfare, 1918-71. London: Kimber, 1971. 367 p. UD480T84.

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Coutts, James W. "How Airborne Forces Fit into Dept of Army Planning for Defense [of Western Europe]." Briefing by DA G-3 rep to Army Airborne Panel, 29Mar 1950. 14 p. UD483C68.

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Stanford Research Inst. Packing and Packaging for Airborne Operations. Study, Opns Resch Off, Johns Hopkins U, 1951. 122 p. UC277P32.

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U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. Airborne Operations: Joint Employment of the Armed Forces in Airborne Operations. Special Text 71-30, 1 Oct 1950. 283 p. Filed as FM 57-30.

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Forces in the European Theater. General Board. Types of Divisions-Post War Army. Study No 17, Bad Nauheim, Ger, 1945-46. 58 p. D769A5. See esp Chap 4.

Technical Training of Parachutists. Technical Manual 57-220, Sep 1952. With 2 changes. 130 p. TMs. And eds of 1956, 1958, 1962 & 1965.

U.S. Dept of Army. The Airborne Division. Field Manual 57-100, Sep 1959. 203 p. FM.

Airborne Operations. FM 57-30, Jan 1952. 227 p. FM.

Airborne Techniques for Divisional Units. FM 57-20, Jan 1952. 224 p. FM.

Air Movements of Troops and Equipment. Technical Manual 57-210, Sep 1952. 144 p. TM. And eds of 1960 & 1965.

Army Forces in Joint Airborne Operations. FM 57-10, Mar 1962. 10-1 p. FM.

Employment of Airborne Forces. FM 71-30, Jul 1947. 101 p. FM.

Pathfinder Operations. FM 57-38, Mar 1966. 50 p. FM.

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U.S. Strike Cmd. Joint Airborne Operations. Manual 525-5, Jul 1966. 122 p. STRICOM-M525-5.



"Snowdrop: Parachute Drop, Battalion Combat Team Airborne Field Exercise." Report, 1948. 47 p. UD483S58.

Airborne, Since WWII p.4

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82d Airborne Div. "Exercise Snow Chute." After action report, 12 Jan 1961. 30 p. U253.2S62U54.

"Exercise Snow Chute." General Plan, 4 Oct 1960. 30 p. U253.2S62E93.

503d Airborne Regimental Combat Team. "Final Report, Exercise 'Warmwind'". Fort Campbell, KY, 1952. ca 40 p. UD483A35.

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